Thread Counts & Weaves
The thread count of a fabric is the number of threads woven into a square inch of the fabric. The higher the number, the more luxurious the fabric is considered to be (subject to the quality of the weave). Beyond about 400/500 thread count, fabrics become thicker to get the ever-increasing number of threads per unit of area. One should consider thread count, texture and thickness when choosing the fabric they prefer.
200 Thread Count is a great all-round fabric when it comes to luxury, price and texture. It is ideal for guest houses. This is a percale weave as described below.
400 Thread Count uses fine threads and is smooth and thin. It is highly recommended to discerning sleepers. This is a sateen weave as described below.
600 Thread Count has the body of 200 and the smoothness of 400 thread count. At higher thread counts, weaves are complex which makes this fabric slightly thicker than 400 thread count. This is a sateen weave as described next.
Percale weaves are plain in weave and characterized by a matte finish and crisp handle. Percale fabric is lighter in weight and more breathable making it perfect for summertime or warmer climates.
Sateen weaves (not to be confused with satin which is polyester) are woven to create a silky-smooth surface with a luminous sheen and is known for its lustre and drape.
Jacquard is where a fabric has a pattern or stripe woven into it.
For sateen weaves we always buy the most expensive 2 over 1 weave for a refined finish. The less expensive weave is a 4 over 1 which can feel rough even though it is a high thread count.